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Scoping reviews differ from other types of systematic reviews in that they provide a map or a snapshot of the existing literature without quality assessment or extensive data synthesis. It may be useful to identify a series of inclusion and exclusion criteria (such as narrowing by population, geographic region or intervention type) to allow you to remove irrelevant papers. • Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy for maternal and newborn outcomes. Not quite sure what question you want to ask? • Behavioral interventions to reduce the transmission of HIV infection among sex workers and their clients in high-income countries (updated). The Cochrane Public Health Review Group acknowledges the support of the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth) and the Commonwealth Department of Health and Aging. Scoping a suite of priority reviews in chronic rhinosinusitis. A key difference in a scoping review compared with a systematic review is that the scoping review provides an overview of existing literature usually without assessing quality of included studies and therefore data synthesis is minimal. Types of knowledge syntheses 1. Implementation Sci 5 (69) Systematic Reviews Health. the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, Philosopher’s Index). Clearly articulating the question and scope of a systematic review is a critical part of the review process, guiding subsequent stages of the process and ultimately the final review product. Cochrane Training: Scoping Reviews: What They Are and How You Can Do Them. We searched multiple electronic databases (2010-16). How to react Users on CBD cochrane review? CBD cochrane review acquires you when manufacturing Company in E-Shop, the free and quickly sends. This rapid scoping review is intended to serve as a precursor to a systematic review of effectiveness, which will inform guidelines issued by the World Health Organization (WHO). Scoping the question of a Cochrane Review This is a recorded Cochrane Australia webinar with Miranda Cumpston, Cochrane Training Co-ordinator, on how to scope the question of a Cochrane Review. Decisions will need to be made based on the resources available to the scoping process. • Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy. The charting of studies is essential to proceeding to this stage. Conclusions: Cochrane Systematic Review protocols with network meta-analysis need improvement, especially regarding transitivity assumptions. All rights reserved, Ethical challenges in the treatment of non-refugee migrants with tuberculosis in Canada, Content appealing to youth and spend characteristics of electronic cigarette video advertisements, Prevalence and associated socioeconomic factors of multimorbidity in 10 regions of China: an analysis of 0.5 million adults, Raising ethnicity recording in NHS Lothian from 3% to 90% in 3 years: processes and analysis of data from Accidents and Emergencies, A neglected source of household air pollution: a preliminary, mixed methods study of purposely produced household smoke in Wollo, Ethiopia, About the Faculty of Public Health of the Royal Colleges of Physicians of the United Kingdom, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, Focused research question with narrow parameters, Inclusion/exclusion usually defined at outset, Synthesis more qualitative and typically not quantitative, Formally assess the quality of studies and generates a conclusion relating to the focused research question, Used to identify parameters and gaps in a body of literature, Copyright © 2020 Faculty of Public Health. (2010) recommend applying meaning to the results by considering the implications of the findings of the scoping review within the broader research, policy and practice context. Scoping the scope of a Cochrane Review (Armstrong et al. To to see through, how CBD cochrane review in fact acts, a look at the Studienlage regarding the Components. Comparison between systematic and scoping reviews2, Scoping reviews can be used in a number of ways, for example identifying research gaps and summarizing findings of research.1 They can also be used to inform systematic reviews, in particular to: A scoping review is an attempt to search for concepts by mapping the language and data which surrounds those concepts and adjusting the search method iteratively to synthesize evidence and assess the scope of an area of inquiry. Your potential review question might be ‘Flexible working conditions and their effects on employee health and well-being’. The scoping project team gathered preliminary input from clinicians, followed by literature searches and reviews of current clinical guidelines and key papers, especially the Cochrane database and major systematic reviews. Copyright © 2020 The Cochrane Collaboration. The world's leading software for managing and streamlining your systematic review. The Cochrane Library (including systematic reviews of interventions, diagnostic studies, prognostic studies, and more) is an excellent place to start. Potential data collection categories include: • Zinc supplementation for the prevention of pneumonia in children aged 2–59 months. • Stage-based interventions for smoking cessation. Having a comprehensive understanding of concepts can help to set boundaries, such as intervention types and outcomes, to be defined in the inclusion criteria, for the systematic review. Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence on a topic and identify main concepts, theories, sources, and knowledge gaps. PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Applied Health Literature, Medline and Cochrane … 2016) CDSR has 12 issues per year. This is a recorded Cochrane Australia webinar with Miranda Cumpston, Cochrane Training Co-ordinator, on how to scope the question of a Cochrane Review. Although conducted for different purposes compared to systematic reviews, scoping reviews still require rigorous and transparent methods in … Consultation may be used in scoping reviews to help identify the scope of the problem your question seeks to address. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. The degree of rigour attached to study selection may differ depending on the resources available to the scoping search. Scoping reviews to inform systematic reviews typically do not include a quality assessment of included studies, which limits data synthesis and interpretation. • Vitamin D supplementation for preventing infections in children less than 5 years of age. Nine multi-disciplinary electronic databases were searched for scoping reviews or studies that discussed scoping review methodology (e.g. • Speed cameras for the prevention of road traffic injuries and deaths (updated). identification of key organizations to search for studies. Many are due to chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Authors Rebecca Armstrong 1 , Belinda J Hall, Jodie Doyle, Elizabeth Waters. • Vitamin A supplementation for postpartum women. appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a specific research question randomized controlled trial, controlled before and after study). A scoping review on the conduct and reporting of scoping reviews (Tricco et al. A scoping review would likely reveal that there are numerous forms of interventions used in a range of settings. • Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy. In mapping the question it may be useful to ask a series of sub-questions so that a potentially very broad research question is combined ‘with a clearly articulated scope of enquiry’.4. MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, internet websites of rapid review producers, and reference lists were searched to … Implementing existing guidance could potentially assist authors, reviewers and editors in preparing protocols of network meta-analyses and help readers in critically appraising published protocols. to identify the potential scope of a systematic review and associated costs.1,2. • Community-based intervention packages for reducing maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality and improving neonatal outcomes. It may be appropriate to search a more limited range of sources than you would for a systematic review (e.g. 2011 Mar;33(1):147-50. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdr015. By default, the Cochrane Library will display “ Cochrane Reviews ” (Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, aka CDSR). Levac et al (2010). 2011) This paper outlines and provides an example for each stage of the scoping review process. Discover how to do a systematic review in less time, while maintaining quality and accuracy. Diagnostic reviews While the inclusion and exclusion criteria for searching may be broader for a scoping review, such a review may prioritize studies that are more easily available, as described above under point 2, while a systematic review may make every attempt to locate all included studies within a more narrowly defined scope. Scoping reviews are distinct from systematic reviews in several important ways. Many people have blocked, stuffy and runny noses. Some may argue that scoping reviews should include a quality assessment phase,4 however this decision will depend to some extent on resource limitations as well as the purpose of the scoping review itself. A crucial step in the systematic review process is to thoroughly define the scope of the research question. The search strategy of this systematic scoping review will involve various electronic databases which include Academic Search Complete, PsycARTICLES. Network meta-analysis 3. help identify appropriate parameters of a review (i.e. Are you planning to write a Cochrane systematic review? They are therefore intended to be conducted reasonably rapidly. A scoping search for the topic ‘Slum upgrading strategies and their effects on health and social outcomes’ might consider Medline and EMBASE database searches in combination with a search on websites of key organizations, including WHO and UN Habitat. 'Scoping the Scope' of a Cochrane Review J Public Health (Oxf). • Motorcycle rider training for the prevention of road traffic crashes. A rapid review speeds up the systematic review process by omitting stages of the systematic review making it less rigorous. Search for other works by this author on: Communications and Liaison Fellow, Cochrane Public Health Group. Scoping reviews. Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. Methods: We carried out a scoping review, following a published protocol. The citations were screened independently by two reviewers for inclusion, and data extraction was verified by a second reviewer. These decisions can be recorded as limitations.4. • Nutritional advice for improving outcomes in multiple pregnancies. Therefore, the aim of this scoping review was to evaluate quantitative research on children in out-of-home care from 2007 to 2014 with regard to the following outcomes: (1) permanency (i.e., reunification, reentry, placement stability, and adoption/guardianship) and (2) safety (e.g., additional reports to child welfare). Our scoping review will use the Donabedian conceptual framework 15 for assessing the quality of care using structure, process and outcome components of quality, to map PC-QIs and categorise them according to relevant thematic domains. We aimed to examine articles, books, and reports that evaluated, compared, used or described rapid reviews or methods through a scoping review. From January 2010, the CDSR moved to a monthly publication schedule. Address correspondence to Belinda Hall, E-mail: Managing Editor, Cochrane Public Health Review Group, Coordinating Editor, Cochrane Public Health Group, Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework, Overview of a formal scoping review on health system report cards, Systematic Reviews: CRD's Advice for Undertaking Reviews in Health Care, Scoping studies: advancing the methodology, © The Author 2011, Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Faculty of Public Health. Methods: a scoping review guided by the Arksey and O’Malley 's (2005) five-stage framework was conducted. • Pre-employment examinations for preventing occupational injury and disease in workers. Rapid reviews 6. Are you planning to write a Cochrane systematic review? • Integrating prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programmes with other health services for preventing HIV infection and improving HIV outcomes in developing countries. Scoping reviews have been described as a process of mapping the existing literature or evidence base.1 Scoping reviews typically differ from systematic reviews in several ways, as outlined in Table 1. For example, if the main purpose of the scoping exercise is to identify which study designs to include in the systematic review, this information should be the focus of the question and the data collection phase. For example, an author might be interested in physical activity interventions. A scoping review might seek to identify appropriate interventions and outcomes of a review, and thus the question could be: ‘What interventions promote flexible working conditions for employees and what are the possible effects of these on health and other outcomes on employees and other relevant people’. PRISMA Checklist. • Restorative justice conferencing for reducing recidivism in young offenders. search only three online databases and three key organizations). • Behavioral interventions to reduce the transmission of HIV infection among sex workers and their clients in low- and middle-income countries (updated). Thanks to Australasian Cochrane Centre and Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. New Cochrane protocols and reviews of interest to health promotion and public health stakeholders from Issues 10–12, 2010 of The Cochrane Library (*denotes CPHG review/protocol). How do you describe what you want to include? This would facilitate the mapping of ‘flexible working conditions’, ‘employee health and well-being’, as well as the intended recipients of such interventions. This process is often undertaken informally based on a combination of review author expertise and various background literature searches. • Vaccines for preventing herpes zoster in older adults. Systematic reviews use a transparent and systematic process to define a research question, search for studies, assess their quality and synthesize findings qualitatively or quantitatively. To identify tinnitus treatments that are a priority for new or updated Cochrane Reviews a team from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre conducted a systematic scoping exercise. Scoping reviews can inform a systematic review, particularly one with a very broad topic scope, such as those edited by the Cochrane Public Health Group. A spreadsheet or database may be created to chart relevant data, based on the focus of the scoping question. define the targeted population, intervention, comparison, outcomes, otherwise known as PICO). For all decisions, the goal is transparency and reproducibility, therefore adequate documentation will maximize the utility of any review. • Interventions to reduce corruption in the health sector. Scoping reviews are a useful tool in the ever increasing arsenal of evidence synthesis approaches. Rapid Reviews are best designed for: New or emerging research topics, updates of previous reviews, critical topics, to assess what is already known about a policy or practice using some systematic review methods. *Community-level interventions to improve food security in developed countries. This would help to identify a more specific research question of interest, based on what was already known (or not known) for each of those interventions within each setting, as well as the commissioning body and/or review author's area of interest. Systematic reviews 2. The scope of the review is identified in advance (eg review question and sub‐questions and/or sub‐group analysis to be undertaken) Comprehensive search to find all relevant studies Use of explicit criteria to include / exclude studies Application of … and harms of medical Review and Meta-analysis of a scoping review of a Cochrane review A scoping review is a specific type of review, which can provide a structured approach to the gathering of background information to inform the conduct of a systematic review. Overview of reviews 5 5. The current paper provides brief comments on each stage of this framework in relation to how these may apply for a scoping review seeking to inform the conduct of a systematic review in public health. Not quite sure what question you want to ask? Hall, Jodie Doyle, Elizabeth Waters, ‘Scoping the scope’ of a cochrane review, Journal of Public Health, Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2011, Pages 147–150, https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdr015. Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, internet websites of rapid review producers, and reference lists were searched to identify articles for inclusion. Levac et al.4 have also recently provided recommendations for further enhancing this framework. • How effects on health equity are assessed in systematic reviews of interventions. • Vitamin D supplementation for improving bone mineral density in children. For example, if the focus is to identify the range of study designs and to set the scope of the review based on these findings, the authors may only collect data on the first five points above. The main reasons for performing a scoping search are as follows: If you are doing a systematic review, to identify if a systematic review has already been published, or is currently in process, covering the question you are considering. 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