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3 Becoming a Merchant Marine requires hard work and dedication, as well as a commitment to serve as an officer. Merchant Marine officers, on the other hand, will become members of the military by attending one of the military service academies or by attending the United States Merchant Marine Academy (US MMA). RESTRICTED. Merchant Marine casualities in WW2. The Merchant Navy turned to shipping companies that operated on inland or coastal waterways, but also accepted men rejected earlier by the Navy or other services for being under- or over-age, or not meeting medical standards. 38 of these D.E.M.S's gunners were to be killed in WW2. He was sunk on many occasions and sailed in both the Australian and British merchant navy. List of German merchant ships 1939 and their fate during World War II [provisional] description Object description. At the peak of hostilities, between late 1942 and early 1943, U-boats sank on average 33 Allied merchant ships each week. See more ideas about merchant marine, merchants, marine. Other ships employed on Government service are shown in the Admiralty service lists, printed by the Ministry of Transport, 1946–49, which give dates and type of ships' duties: Service List: British and foreign merchant ships in the service of HM Government at any time since 3 September 1939; Small Craft Service List. Jan 10, 2018 - This board is a collection of merchant navy info from Ww2. Consult the Crew List Index Project (CLIP) website, which has information about merchant ships from 1861 to 1913. The total is made up as follows: TABLE I. Mar 20, 2019 - Explore Susan Hanan's board "merchant marine" on Pinterest. Mr. Clair tells of his time aboard Liberty ships, the SS Standford Newel and the SS Robert Watchorn, during the Second World War. Our largest series of these is the Merchant Marine Ship's Logs 1918 - 1941, in the Records of the US Maritime Commission (RG 178, NC-5 Entry 115, National Archives Identifier 574659). Crossing the Atlantic and Pacific, they sailed under deadly threat of Japanese destroyers and German U-boats, which attacked as near as the Gulf of Mexico. Wartime activities, including convoy duties, vessel construction, ship launchings, repair and renovation of ships for the "Victory Fleet," and manufacture of war material, 1942-45. Nonetheless, merchant mariners were prominent on the front lines and suffered heavy casualties. Websites. In January 1943 the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army, and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Navy agreed that the formation of a joint committee to assess enemy Naval and merchant shipping losses during World War II would be desirable. Merchant Marine in the Pacific. During six protracted years, more humans, ships and materiel were lost than in all the naval campaigns of the […] NAVY DEPARTMENT. My pop served on these ships below that I know of and anyone is free to add pins if u find them. British coastal fortifications, 1940. lost from war causes but not given in the Admiralty list. The Merchant Marine consisted of individuals who served as crew members aboard merchant ships. Show more. The list of ships below includes ships for which information can be found in the timetables/sailing lists or other publications shown on this website. The merchant marine is collectively those commercial, non-naval ships that carry cargo or passengers or provide maritime services, and the civilian crewmen and officers who sail those ships. Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Washington, D. C. 1. The cost of the war was high. Apr 2, 2016 - US Maritime Commission T2 designs, variants, and derivatives. (This is a mandatory criterion. These records are digitised cards recording the movements of British and Allied merchant ships during the Second World War. That brings us to Vicki’s question about her relative. LOSSES OF "BRITISH VESSELS" DUE TO WAR CAUSES (ALL SIZES) Number million British merchant vessels g.r.t. Only warships with a displacement of 1,000tons or greater are listed. If we look at the total Merchant Marine Navy losses during World War 11 the figures look like this: British Merchant Marine: 25 070 Men Killed 2 426 Ships Sunk. Images of the marine register up to 1960 can be purchased on the ScotlandsPeople website. Meet America's 'Forgotten Navy': The World War II Sailors Who Guarded Merchant Ships. Members of the Merchant Marine were an essential force for the Allied cause, often working together with US Navy or US Coast Guard vessels to protect their precious cargo. Unfortunately, a substantial number of Navy and Merchant Marine personnel were killed or wounded in the attacks along with a large number of the Army troops that had not yet disembarked for the shore. Consult the Miramar Ship Index (£) website, a historical database listing some categories of merchant and naval ships. Fifty-nine Canadian-registered merchant ships were sunk by enemy or probable enemy action. Artist Hans Skalagard, 89, a merchant marine during World War II and the Korean War, at his home in Petaluma, Calif., on November 8, 2013. (London Illustrated News) Subs were on the run, and the Merchant Marine could sail with less worry. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ships_of_World_War_II_(A) During wartime, it was known as the Merchant Navy. ON I 223-M, Merchant Ship Shapes, is one of a series of handbooks on ships and their identification and reporting prepared by the Division of Naval Intelligence for the use of fighting forces and naval personnel in training. Assigned to protect merchant sailors, these members of the U.S. No other ships are listed, including those which are only mentioned in the archives or shipping in 1971 sections.) marine” as “all ships engaged in the carriage of goods; or all commercial vessels (as opposed to all nonmilitary ships), which excludes tugs, fishing vessels, offshore oil rigs, etc.” 2 At the end of 2014, the world’s merchant ship fleet consisted of over 89,000 ships. The Mercantile Navy List, compiled by the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen, was first published from 1849 to 1855, and annually thereafter from 1857 until 1976 (with supplements up to the end of 1977); excluding 1941 to 1946, during the Second World War.Monthly supplements were issued under various titles from 1886. NARA also has operating logbooks for some merchant vessels. 178.13 Sound Recordings (General) 1941-45 Object details Category Books Related period Second World War (content), Second World War (content) Creator … History of the merchant marine from the Revolutionary War through World War II, 1945. There are no employment files. He made four voyages total on two vessels to locations such as Oran, Italy, England, India, etc.. Ships known by a number, such as German u-boats, are not listed individually, although their existence is recorded. American Merchant Ships Sunk in WWII Source - A Careless Word, A Needless Sinking by Captain Arthur R. Moore. In 1942, the average sinking of Allied merchant ships was thirty-three ships each week. Survivors of two merchant ships crowd the decks of a rescue trawler at St. John’s, Nfld., April 1943. The Register provides information about all sea-going merchant ships, including their condition. See more ideas about maritime, tanker ship, merchant marine. ( D.E.M.S. ) Those who succeed, enjoy an exciting career and a marine officer salary. Merchant Marines live a life of adventure, sailing along America’s inland waterways and the high seas. US Merchant Marine: 6 838 Men Killed 848 Ships Sunk (+1800 Naval guards Killed) According to the American Merchant Marine at War website, over 1500 merchant ships were sunk during the War, and hundreds of others were damaged by enemy attacks and mines. Naval Armed Guard were unsung heroes of … Merchant Logbooks On Dec. 7, 1941, the cargo ship SS Cynthia Olson was the first U.S. flag ship torpedoed by a Japanese submarine in World War II.The ship and all on board were lost about 1,200 miles west of the Pacific Coast. lost by enemy action 4z.. z,6 II 332 The largest threat came from German U-boats, which patrolled shipping lanes in groups and torpedoed passing merchant vessels. 2,539 ships of II,831,000 gross registered tons; and there were nine further vessels of 27,000 g.r.t. Still, the Merchant Marine lost between 9,000 and 12,000 sailors during the … The Royal Australian Navy trained and supplied gunners to man the Defencively Equipped Merchant Ships during WW2, these gunners operated in a similar manner to the United States Armed Guard. Enlarge One of the documents found in a record for a 17-year-old merchant seaman Foreword. ONI 223-M MERCHANT SHIP SHAPES . The merchant ships were credited with shooting down 100 enemy aircraft during the 10 weeks following the Leyte landings. It does not include ships lost in the Great Lakes, vessels of less than 500 gross tons, or ships registered in Newfoundland. By Sarah Garner | National Archives News SAINT LOUIS, December 16, 2019 — The public now has access to previously unavailable information concerning former merchant mariners and their maritime service through Merchant Marine Licensing Files, made available by the National Archives at St. Louis. Where to Look First for Merchant Marine Information. The ship was sank by U-boats, leading to America’s direct involvement in World War I. Content. The MMA is one of seven U.S. maritime academies and is responsible for training Merchant Marine officers for work with the government and the transportation industry. He was also on the last voyage of the tea clipper CUTTY SARK before it was docked indefinitely in Greenwich London. Merchant seamen registers (1835-1857), the central indexed register of merchant seamen (1918-1941) and indexes to crew lists (1861-1913) can be searched and downloaded from the findmypast website. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. The United States Merchant Marine refers to either United States civilian mariners, or to U.S. civilian and federally owned merchant vessels.Both the civilian mariners and the merchant vessels are managed by a combination of the government and private sectors, and engage in commerce or transportation of goods and services in and out of the navigable waters of the United States. Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships. This is a partial list of merchant ships registered in Canada which were lost during the war to marine accident or other causes which were not the result of enemy action. Typescript. Merchant Marine. 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